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2011年MPAcc会计硕士联考英语试题二

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Part III Reading Comprehension (40 minutes, 40 points)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each of the passages is followed by 5 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
Passage One
Declaring that physical exercise is one of the most powerful medicines to help improve our quality of life is not an exaggeration. The World Health Organization expressed the same view in its 2002 World Health Report, emphasizing that the damage produced by lack of physical activity was equal to the strong probability of serious illness such as heart disease and even some kinds of cancer.
Those who have embraced an active lifestyle for years are familiar with the sort of physical and psychological benefits that come from exercise. Nevertheless, a lot of people would never think of physical activity as a way of feeling better, simply because they don’t think they are in need of it, or because they are lazy or maintain that they haven’t got enough time.
There are many positive effects that result from physical exercise and they are not only concerned with the physical aspects but also psychological and social ones.
Beginning with the physical benefits, physical activity improves the life of the heart, burns off fat, lowers high blood pressure, makes tissues more resistant, and increases muscle flexibility and joint mobility.
On a psychological level, physical activity helps reduce anxiety and stress by causing tension to disappear and by encouraging us to have a better sense of ourselves through listening to our bodies during movement.
Lastly, seeing ourselves in better health is advantageous socially. The sense of satisfaction thus obtained will result in an increase of self-respect and self-confidence in terms of our ability to interact with others.
The benefits linked to exercise have also not gone unnoticed in the business world, with more and more companies setting up gyms on-site. Employees’ improved health translates into better performance and reduced costs as well as an increase in people’s satisfaction in the work place.
Physical activity is recommended for all age groups, including children. It is an important growth factor in a child’s education.
And for the elderly? There is no doubt that regular physical activity allows greater efficiency in daily life as well as creating more basic independence day by day, including the possibility of keeping in touch with others and not feeling isolated.
31. The writer regards physical exercise as a strong medicine because ______.
A. the WHO holds the view B. it helps improve the quality of life
C. the lack of it equals serious illness D. it enables people to live longer
32. Many people do not engage in physical exercise mainly because ______.
A. they are not aware of its benefits B. they don’t have the facilities
C. they don’t think they need it D. they are physically unfit for it
33. According to the passage, physical exercise can make people ______.
A. stronger and more intelligent B. more intelligent and more open-minded
C. more open-minded and healthier D. healthier and stronger
34. Physical exercise is socially beneficial because ______.
A. it gives people competitive advantage
B. it helps people reduce anxiety
C. it enables employees to work better for their company
D. it makes people confident in dealing with others
35. According to the passage, regular physical exercise can make old people ______.
A. better able to look after themselves
B. look younger than they really are
C. less likely to suffer from diseases
D. more aggressive in their interaction with others

Passage Three
In early 2004 eight tiny sensors were dropped from a plane near a military base in California. After hitting the ground, the sensors—also known as smart dust sensors—organized themselves into a network and quickly detected a fleet of military vehicles on the ground. The determined the direction, speed and size of a series of military vehicles traveling along the road and later transmitted the data to a computer at a nearby base camp.
Smart dust sensors are minicomputers—as small as a grain of rice in some cases—that can monitor and evaluate their physical environment and can relay the information via wireless communication. They can monitor elements such as temperature, moisture, humidity, pressure, energy use, vibration, light, motion, radiation, gas, and chemicals. These devices will soon have many applications, such as use in emergency rescue.
Software has been developed to run these minicomputers. A key feature of the software is the ability of the sensors to automatically organize themselves into a communications network and talk to each other via wireless radio signals. If any one connection is interrupted, the sensors will self-correct and pass the information on to the next available sensor.
Each sensor has a chip that does the computing work—recording things like temperature and motion at its location. Each sensor also has a tiny radio transmitter that allows it to talk to other sensors within 100 feet or so. With a single network of 10,000 sensors—thought to be the biggest array (阵列) of sensors currently possible—you could cover 9 square miles and get information about each point along the way. The data finally works its way to a base station that can send the information to a computer or to a wireless network.
The scientists who are working with this technology say smart dust sensors can be used to detect the location or movement of enemy troops in areas too dangerous or remote for soldiers to operate. Scattering hundreds of self-networking sensors from a manned or unmanned plane onto the battlefield, in theory, could produce critical information and lead to strategic advantage. Sensors could also be used to detect the presence of chemical weapons and could give troops the time needed to put on protective gear.
41. Smart dust sensors can do all the following EXCEPT ______.
A. giving troops their protective gear
B. organizing themselves into a computer network
C. detecting the movement of military vehicles nearby
D. operating in remote and dangerous war zones
42. By “physical environment” (Paragraph 2), the writer means such elements as ______.
A. the position of military troops B. the presence of minicomputers
C. the strength of radio signals D. the amount of water vapor in the air
43. If connection between two sensors is blocked, the network will automatically ______.
A. replace the sensor involved B. repair the sensor involved
C. ignore the sensor involved D. destroy the sensor involved
44. To cover an area of 3 square miles and get information about each point along the way, how many smart dust sensors are needed?
A. About 3,000 sensors. B. About 3,300 sensors.
C. About 5,000 sensors. D. About 6,600 sensors.
45. The passage implies that the smart dust sensors are most likely to be used in ______.
A. emergency rescue B. monitoring pollution
C. military operations D. evaluating the environment
 

Passage Four
Each semester, Andrew Tom receives a term bill outlining his expenses: tuition, dorm fee, student center fee, recreation fee, resident activity fee, health insurance. If only the rest of his expenses were as easy to quantify.
“It’s like you start out the semester with plenty of money and then $20 for dinner out here and $100 at the department store there, it’s gone,” said Tom, a Northeastern University third-year student. “And there are so many things you need like toothpaste or laundry detergent (洗涤剂) that you don’t think about until you get here and need it.”
From the books lining their shelves to the fashionable clothes filling their closets, college students say the expenses of a college education go well beyond tuition and a dining hall meal plan. Many say they arrive on campus only to be overwhelmed by unexpected costs from sports fees to the actual price of a slice of pizza.
Balancing a job with schoolwork, especially at colleges known for their heavy workloads like Harvard and MIT, can be tough. So can the pressure students often feel to financially keep pace with their friends.
“When you get dragged along shopping, you’re going to spend money; if you get dragged to a party and everyone wants to take a cab but you’re cheap and want to take a bus, chances are you’ll end up sharing the fee for the cab,” said Tom. “I guess you could say no, but no one wants to be the only one eating in the snack bar while your friends are out to dinner.”
Max Cohen, a biology major at MIT, said he is accustomed to watching fellow students spend $40 a night to have dinner delivered or $50 during a night out at a bar. During the school’s recent spring break, friends on trips for the week posted away messages that read like a world map—Paris, Rome, Tokyo. “Meanwhile I stay home and work,” said Cohen. “I didn’t realize when I came here how much money I would spend or how hard I would have to work to get by.”
It is a lesson some younger students learn quickly. Others, surrounded by credit card offers, go into debt, or worse, are forced to leave school.
“A lot of people don’t think twice about how much they spend,” said a first-year student at MIT, “and you feel the pressure sometimes to go along with them.”
46. The sentence “If only the rest of his expenses were as easy to quantify” (Paragraph 1) implies that ______.
A. there are many other unexpected expenses
B. it is easy to calculate how much more to spend
C. the tuition is too high to be calculated
D. he has to pay only a few other expenses
47. All the following expenses are included in the term bill EXCEPT ______.
A. health insurance B. sports fees
C. recreation fees D. dorm fees
48. According to the passage, many college students ______.
A. have to work hard in their studies 
B. suspend their studies in order to work
C. depend on their families for all the expenses
D. are under great financial pressure
49. The word “cheap” (Paragraph 5) is closest in meaning to “______”.
A. inferior in quality B. inexpensive
C. unwilling to spend D. valueless
50. From the last paragraph, one may learn that an important reason for the high hidden costs for college students is ______.
A. the extremely high prices of daily necessities
B. the school’s overcharging for campus activities
C. the too many expenses the students have to pay
D. the pressure of keeping pace with their peers

 

Part  IV  Cloze  Test  (15  minutes,  10  points)
Directions:  There  are  10  blanks  in  the  following  passage.  For  each  numbered  blank,  there  are  4  choices  marked  A,  B,  C  and  D.  Choose  the  best  one  and  mark  your  answer  on  the  ANSWER  SHEET  with  a  single  line  through  the  center.
         Ireland  is  the  best  place  in  the  world  to  live  for  2005,      51      a  life  quality  ranking  that  appeared  in  Britain’s  Economist  magazine  last  week.
         The  ambitious      52      to  compare  happiness  levels  around  the  world  is  based  on  the  principle  that  wealth  is  not  the  only      53      of  human  satisfaction  and  well-being.  The  index  of  111  countries  uses      54      on  incomes,  health,  unemployment,  climate,  political  stability,  job  security,  equality  between  men  and  women  as  well  as  what  the  magazine  calls  “freedom,  family  and  community  life”.
         Despite  the  bad  weather,  troubled  health  service,  traffic  problems,  and  the  high  cost  of  living,  Ireland  scored  an  impressive  8.33  points      55      10.  That  put  it  well  ahead  of  second-place  Switzerland,  which  managed  8.07.  Zimbabwe  (津巴布韦),  troubled  by  political  insecurity  and  hunger,  is  rated  the  lowest,      56      only  3.89  points.
         “Although  rising  incomes  and  increased  individual  choices  in  developed  countries  are      57      valued,”  the  report  said,  “some  of  the  factors  associated  with      58      such  as  the  breakdown  in  traditional  institutions  and  family  values  in  part  take  away  from  a  positive  impact.
         “Ireland  wins  because  it  successfully  combines  the  most  desirable  elements  of  the  new—the  fourth  highest  gross  domestic  product  per  head  in  the  world  in  2005,  low  unemployment,  political      59    —with  the  preservation  of  certain  warm  elements  of  the  old,  such  as      60      family  and  community  life.”
51.  A.  following  up    B.  coming  with          C.  according  to      D.  except  for
52.  A.  attempt          B.  attack          C.  attitude          D.  attraction 
53.  A.  reason          B.  volume          C.  measure          D.  monitor
54.  A.  amount          B.  data          C.  number          D.  account
55.  A.  up  to          B.  out  of          C.  off  and  on          D.  in  about
56.  A.  missing          B.  getting          C.  keeping          D.  putting
57.  A.  hardly          B.  excessively          C.  highly          D.  passively
58.  A.  modernization          B.  civilization          C.  constitution          D.  tradition
59.  A.  liberties          B.  activities          C.  unions          D.  campaigns
60.  A.  sticky          B.  static          C.  steep          D.  stable 
PART  V  English-Chinese  Translation 
Drinking  water  and  water  for  domestic  use  often  come  from  ground  water.  In  order  to  protect  this  water,  local  water  authorities  can  apply  to  local  administrative  authorities  to  mark  certain  locations  as  water  protection  areas.  The  size  of  these  areas  is  calculated  in  such  a  way  that  the  quantity  of  ground  water  taken  from  them  corresponds  to  the  acture  rainfall  going  into  them.  In  the  water  protection  areas  fall  into  three  zones.  Zone  3  is  the  other  most  zone  with  a  diameter  of  4  kilometers  around  the  ground  water  well,  Here  no  chemical  work  or  the  use  of  pesticides  are  allowed.  Zone  I  is  determined  around  the  so-called  50-day  line.  It  is  assumed  that  after  50  days  in  the  ground  water  harmful  bacteria  will  have  died  off.  Here  settlements  and  fertilizer  storage  are  forbidden.  Zone  I  marks  the  ten-meter  boundary  around  the  well.  Here,  any  use  of  the  land,  as  well  as  access  by  unauthorized  person,  is  forbidden. 
  
PART  VI  Writing  (15  points) 
在家所在的社区附近建一个购物中心,是否同意,并列举理由。 
作文:Do  you  need  a  shopping  center  in  your  neighborhood.