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MPAcc联考: 翻译试题及答案

发布人: 发布时间:2013-10-10 11:15:31 点击次数:

Rumor has it that more than 20 books on creationism/evolution are in the publishers pipelines. A few have already appeared. The goal of all will be to try to explain to a confused and often unenlightened citizenry that there are not two equally valid cientific theories for the origin and evolution of universe and life. Cosmology, geology, and iology have provided a consistent, unified, and constantly improving account of what happened. Scientific creationism, which is being pushed by some for equal time in the classrooms whenever the scientific accounts of evolution are given, is based on religion, not science. Virtually all scientists and the majority of non-fundamentalist religious leaders have come to regard scientific creationism as bad science and bad religion.

  The first four chapters of Kitchers book give a very brief introduction to evolution. At appropriate places, he introduces the criticisms of the creationists and provides answers. In the last three chapters, he takes off his gloves and gives the creationists a good beating. He describes their programmes and tactics, and, for those unfamiliar with the ways of creationists, the extent of their deception and distortion may come as an unpleasant surprise. When their basic motivation is religious, one might have expected more Christian behavior.   Kitcher is philosopher, and this may account, in part, for the clarity And fectiveness of his arguments. The non-specialist will be able to obtain at least a notion of the sorts of data and argument that support evolutionary theory. The final chapter on the creationists will be extremely clear to all. On the dust jacket of this fine book, Stephen Jay Gould says: This book stands for reason itself. And so it does - and all would be well were reason the only judge in the creationism/evolution debate.   

  参考译文:   

  进化论   

  据传言有20多本关于神创论/进化论的书已经在出版商的印刷厂里了。其中的几本已经面市了,出版这些书的目的就是向那些未被启蒙的处于混乱之中的人们揭示并没有两种相等的可用的科学理论来解释宇宙和人的起源和进化。宇宙学,地质学生物学已经为过去发生的事情提供了一个固定的统一的并且不断发展的解释。科学的神创论建立在宗教而不是科学的基础上的,实际上所有的科学家和非原教主义的大多数人已经逐渐将科学的神创论看作是坏的科学和宗教。
  K的书的前四章,把进化论做了一个简明的介绍。在合适的地方他引进了对神创论的评判并提供解答。在最后三章里,他取下拳击手套,给与神创论者重重的打击。他描述神创论的程序和策略,并且对那些不熟悉神创论者行为方式的人而言,神创论者的欺骗和歪曲会令他们有不愉快的惊奇。当他们的动机是宗教时,一个人可能用行为。
  K是一位哲学家,也许者也可以部分的说明他论述的条理清晰性和有效性。非专业人士也至少通过一系列数据和争论得到进化论的观点。在神创论的最后一章这个更为清晰。在这本书的包装封面上写道:这本书代表了理性。的确如此,因为如果把理性作为神创论进化论争论的唯一判断标注的时候就好办。